Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog.

Vintage Recipes

Vintage Dog Recipes

By Lew Olson • June 2005 Newsletter
As promised, this month’s newsletter is a series of recipes from vintage dog books. Again, I will remind you, these recipes are not to be used, but are here simply for interest on different ideas on how to feed dogs from the turn of the century.

Most of these contain good common sense, and I will include some of the reasoning behind the author’s recipes if available. Some are just strange, read and enjoy!

The Care and Feeding of Dogs, by Josephine Rine, 1936
Grown (working)
50% meat daily
All Vegetables
All Starches
All Greens
Dog Biscuit
Grown (non-working)
35% Meat Daily
All Vegetables
All Greens
Dog Biscuit
Puppies, 6-8 Weeks
Bitches milk (night only)
Cow’s Milk
Cod Liver Oil
Bread Crumbs, Whole Wheat
Raw, Scraped Beef
Tomato Juice
[Note from Lew: It is strange to see no mention of calcium added or organ meat. I have no idea what ‘Toasties’ may be either. Not a bad diet, has some variety but needs calcium]
Diet for Dogs, by George Watson Little DVM, 1929
Dr Little has these rules for feeding puppies:
– Feed regularly in clean pans or from clean bottles.
– See that there is plenty of fresh water, frequently renewed.
– Never feed enough to distend the stomach. Feed often and little – four times daily – is the best plan.
– Provide large bones from which the meat has been scraped for a little excitement.
– Never feed tidbits between meals.
– Feed the puppies separately so that the larger will not steal from the weaker.
– In general it may be noted that exclusion of liquids tends to produce a smaller dog than one with is given a great deal of broth or milk.
Here are some sample diets in his book:
Diet for three month old medium sized puppy:
1-1/2 teacupful of milk
1 /12 teaspoonfuls of lime water (source of calcium at that time)
1/4 pound of raw ground beef, season with salt
3 heaping tablespoons of meat and vegetable soup, season with salt
Diet for six month old medium sized dog
One pint of milk
2 teaspoonfuls of lime water
1/3 to 1/2 lbs of raw ground beef. Pieces of lettuce and ripe tomato, season with salt.
1/3 to 1/2 pound well cooked beef or lamb. One pint of meat and vegetable soup, add salt.
Adult medium sized dog
1 raw egg, 1 pint of milk, 2 teaspoons of lime water
1 to 1-1/2 lbs of raw chopped beef, pieces of lettuce or ripe tomato
Same amount of well cooked beef or lamb, 2 heaping tablespoons of spinach, string beans or peas, season with salt.
And this advice from a pamphlet given out in 1915 from the Angel Memorial Animal Hospital and Dispensary for Animals, Boston, Massachusetts, titled Feeding the Dog and Cat. I must add that the cost of this 8 page tract is listed at two cents.
Dietary from Weaning to Maturity
At three or four weeks of age, as with the breast fed young which mimic their mother in sharing her ration and consuming what she retrieves for them in addition to what she feed them from the breast, these little artificially reared creatures are hearty enough to eat of their own accord. They are now fit to stand the change to fresh cow”s milk and to receive small quantities of finely minced raw beef and raw liver. A teaspoonful per day would be about the right quantity of these meats at first, gradually to be increased. Feeding should now occur three or four times daily, continuing with the between feeding of the vitamin preparation. The rule should be to feed little and often rather than large and infrequent meals. No feeding should be so large as to engorge the stomach and render the animal uncomfortable. As the animals progress to the age of three or four months their dietary should consist exclusively of fresh raw milk, raw beef with the fat that comes with it, and raw liver and kidney. Raw egg mixed with the milk two or three times a week is a valuable adjunct to this diet, especially in undernourished and weak animals. Cod liver oil and fruit juices may be continued as an added safeguard against a possible vitamin shortage. Large raw beef bones should be allowed the puppy frequently, as the gnawing of them keeps him occupied, improves dentition, and the consumed portions grated off supply essential mineral salts to the body. At about four months the digestive organs are strong enough to adapt themselves to the handling of raw vegetables. The most satisfactory ones that are lettuce, spinach, cabbage and fresh or tinned tomato. These should be finely minced and mixed with the meat ration. Kittens may not take to the vegetable diet as readily as the puppy but may have raw or parboiled fresh fish in addition to milk, raw beef and raw glandular organs. Three meals per day are sufficient from three months to maturity which occurs at about the age of eight to nine months.
Food Requirements of Maturity
When the animal has thus reached its full growth, two meals daily are all that are required. For the dog, milk, either sweet, sour or buttermilk, to which may be added a little shredded wheat biscuit, makes a good breakfast. The evening meal should consist of either raw beef, heart or lamb, to which a little minced raw vegetable may be mixed, such as lettuce, spinach, cabbage, tomato. Liver and kidney should be fed two or three times a week in lieu of the raw meat and vegetables. A certain amount of fat is also necessary in the diet. There is no objection to an occasional feeding of roast or boiled beef or lamb or vegetables left over from the table, although cooked foods as regular diet are to be avoided. Some dogs demand cooked foods as they have never known any different. Such animals should be coaxed into eating the raw food by being fed very rarely cooked meats, either merely searing or scalded. If the vegetables are disagreeable the dog will get along very well upon a ration of milk, raw beef or lamb with fat and raw glandular organs. If sweet milk proves nauseous to an individual or is disliked, try skim, sour or buttermilk. Some dogs will take these with impunity and when they refuse sweet milk. Under certain circumstances, as a result of necessity, horse flesh, fish or the flesh of other animals may be utilized in feeding the dog. Dog breads and canned dog foods are to be avoided and should only be resorted to in case of emergency, when they should be fed very sparingly. An extra helping of milk, instead of the usual supper, would be the safest way to meet such an emergency. Pork, corned, smoked or canned meats are never to be fed. Avoid also the feeding of starchy and sweet foods. Allow the grown dog large raw bones. An occasional crust of stale whole wheat bread is a permissible between meal tidbit, fed dry as to require mastication.
Quiz Questions
1. Which vitamins are best for stress?
A. Vitamin B-complex
B. Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
C. Vitamin D
D. Vitamin E
2. Good substitutes for traditional wheat flour in recipes, if you’re trying to avoid feeding grains, include all but the following:
A. Potato Starch (or even instant potatoes)
B. Chick Pea Flour
C. Corn Flakes
D. Almond Flour
3. If your dog has allergies, you should usually avoid:
A. Beef
B. Eggs
C. Dairy
D. Vaccinations
4. Acidophilus is a:
A. Prebiotic
B. Probiotic
C. Digestive Enzyme
D. Dairy Product
5. Probiotics may help with all of the following except:
A. Food allergies
B. Diarrhea
C. Production of Vitamins B-12 and K
D. Gas/Flatulence
Quiz Answers
Question 1
Answer: A. B-complex vitamins are recommended for stress. They are water soluble and can be given once or twice a day. Most dogs do well with a B-50 complex; however you might want to give less to really small dogs. The B vitamins are best used together and not given separately.
Question 2
Answer: C. In addition, other substitutes for wheat flour, if you’re just trying to avoid wheat but not all grains, include rye flour, barley flour, amaranth flour, rice flour, millet flour, and quinoa flour.
Question 3
Answer: D. Vaccinations may make allergies worse, and most repeat vaccinations are not needed – see www.caberfeidh.com/Revax.htm for more information. (Note you may need to give rabies if required by law, but if your dog’s allergies are really severe, or if your dog has had a vaccination reaction in the past, ask your vet about an exemption). Although certain foods are more commonly allergenic than others, just because a food is a common allergen does not mean that your dog is allergic to it. Food allergies are actually much less common than environmental allergies (dust, mold, pollen, grasses, etc.). In order to determine if your dog has food allergies, you need to do an elimination diet, where you feed only one novel protein and nothing else (including supplements, treats, chews, etc.) for as long as 90 days. If your dog shows improvement during this time, you can then try adding foods back in one at a time in order to determine which one(s) your particular dog reacts to.
Question 4
Answer: B. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in the gut and help with digestion and with keeping bad bacteria in check. They include lactobacillus acidophilus, bifidus, and other strains. Probiotics are nutrients that help nourish these beneficial bacteria. Digestive enzymes are found in foods and are secreted by the pancreas, and include things like lipase (used to digest fats), protease (proteins) and amylase (carbohydrates). Some dairy products, such as Yogurt and Kefir, contain probiotics, although they are generally not in large enough quantities to be useful for replenishing the digestive tract following the use of antibiotics (which destroy probiotics) or diarrhea (which can flush them out).
Question 5
Answer: A. Probiotics have many benefits (see below), but they do not have any effect on food allergies. www.kornax.com/Acidophilus.htm “Probiotics have the following benefits: Acidify the colon to inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria (such as salmonella, shigella, E. coli, and others); normalize bowel movements, which helps decrease the time it takes for end products of metabolism to move through the digestive system; stop diarrhea and constipation; eliminates gas and bloating in the intestines; reduce bad breath caused by an unclean bowel; restore the production of Vitamin K and B Vitamins, especially Vitamin B12, in the intestines; release their own natural antibiotics which combat the unfriendly intestinal bacteria and Candida [yeast] – these natural antibiotics with no known side effects even enter our blood stream and can combat systemic infections (infections in the body beyond the intestines).”
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