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Filed Under (Supplements for Dogs) by B-Naturals.com on 01-01-1999
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Supplements for Daily Use

By Lew Olson • Winter 1999 Newsletter
The topic of supplements can be confusing, and one of the most frequently asked questions is which vitamins and minerals are necessary and useful in the dogs daily diet.

I hope to cover the minimum supplements needed for a dry dog food diet, a fresh food or raw diet and a combined diet of fresh and dry dog food in this article. The word supplements covers a wide variety of nutrients. This could mean vitamins, minerals, herbs, probiotics, digestive enzymes, herbs or green foods, such as sea algae, kelp and sprouts. Many of these are sold as combinations, or individually, so often dog owners are overlapping in their supplements, without realizing it.

I will try and explain each one by type and define when and how often they are needed. These will include:
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
Vitamin E
Sea Kelp
Alfalfa
Sea Vegetation Blends (Green Blend)
Digestive Enzymes (Berte’s Zyme) (editor’s note: Use Food Science All Zyme)
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
– Garlic
– Organic Apple Cider Vinegar (editor’s note no longer available)
At the end of this article, I outline some specific supplements helpful for common ailments.
Vitamins
Vitamin C with Bioflavanoids
This is an essential antioxidant and immune builder. Vitamin C has many functions, including collagen building (present in connective tissue), adrenal gland functioning, stimulates production of lymphocytes, fights bacteria and viruses, enhances ability of chemotherapy drugs, helps prevent high blood pressure and serum cholesterol, aids in healing of wounds and production of antistress hormones.
Vitamin C is water soluble and is flushed from the body quickly. It is important to give this supplement at each meal. Foods that are high in vitamin C include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, cabbage, parsley, pineapple, strawberries, spinach, turnip greens and collards.
There are several types of vitamin C, but easiest on dogs is the calcium ascorbate type, as it is buffered and easier on the digestive tract.
Bioflavonoids, although not exactly a vitamin, are found in the rinds of citrus fruits. When taken with vitamin C, they help with the absorption rate and are an antioxidant. They help to strengthen capillary walls, hemorrhages and prevent bruising. They are shown to be helpful with inflammatory conditions and arthritis. Bioflavonoids may also be helpful in treatment and prevention of cataracts.
Vitamin C with Bioflavanoid minimum dosage (twice daily):
0-25 pounds – 100 mg
25-50 pounds – 250 mg
50-75 pounds – 500 mg
50-100 pounds – 1,000 mg
Note: There is 5,000 mg per teaspoon
Vitamin E
This vitamin is also an antioxidant and anticarinogen. It helps to protect vitamin C and vitamin A from oxidation. It aids circulation, healing of wounds, aids in arthritis, helps with normal functioning of the nervous system, improves athletic performance and prevents cell damage and may prevent aging.
It is found in whole grains, dark green leafy vegetables, eggs, and organ meats.
Vitamin E minimum dosage:
0-25 pounds – 50-100 IUs
25-50 pounds 100-200 IUs
50-75 pounds 400 IUs
75- 100 pounds 400-800 IUs
Minerals
While minerals can be given separately, or by each type, a quick and natural form is in sea algae and green foods. These can be easily assimilated, and eliminated by the body if not needed. Two ways to do this are by giving sea kelp and alfalfa powder, or a sea algae blend.
Sea Kelp
Kelp is a type of cold water seaweed, that is sold as a powder, pill or granules. It contains iodine, calcium, potassium, sulfur, magnesium, lecithin and vitamins A, E, B and D. It has been found to enhance coat color and is beneficial for coat and skin health and thyroid function. While it does contain arsenic, it is in trace amounts, which is also a trace mineral needed by dogs and people alike.
Alfalfa
This is one of the richest mineral foods, and contains calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and all known vitamins. Attributes accredited to alfalfa include relief from pain of arthritis, healing of intestinal ulcers, gastritis, liver disorders, good for better breath, cancer and help in lactating bitches. It also has some digestive enzymes, which help aid in proper digestion.
Berte’s Green Blend:
This blend of sea vegetation includes blue green algae, spirulina, dulce, irish moss and chlorophyll. It contains 16 types of sea algae. It also contains whole lemon powder and papain to aid in digestion, and carotene, a powerful antioxidant. The nutrients include calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, potassium, iron, vitamin A, B vitamins, biotin, inosital, choline and vitamin E. Great for energy and endurance, coat and skin and good general maintenance.
Digestion Aids
Many dogs on dry or processed foods are missing two vital ingredients in a daily diet. These are the good, friendly bacteria that are needed for good digestion of food, and the other is digestive enzymes, which help process and breakdown fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Heat over 110 degrees kill both of these elements, and processed dog foods are heated when cooked and extruded for making the kibble. For those who feed a fresh food diet, or a mixture, both friendly flora and fauna and digestive enzymes are in uncooked foods.
Good bacteria include acidolphilus (lactobacillus acidolphilus) and lactobacillus bifidus. These are also contained naturally in buttermilk, yogurt, acidolphilus milk, kefir and some cheeses. Acidolphilus may be helpful in detoxifying harmful substances, it has an antibacterial effect, antifungal properties, aid digestion and help in absorption of nutrients.
It also assists in creating a healthy intestinal tract for the manufacture of vitamin B complex and vitamin K, which is helpful in blood clotting. It is useful when using antibiotics and corticosteroids, to keep stools firm, and also in combating yeast infections in the ears. Keep any of these products refridgerated. Useful for puppies, lactating bitches and any type of illness or disease, and before and after vaccinations.
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Contains lactobacillus, streptoccoccus faecium, bacillus subtilis and amylase, protease and lipase.
Digestive Enzymes
Enzymes are needed for digesting food, repair of tissue and all functioning of the body. While the body can make it own enzymes, it must also get them from food. As stated above, heat destroys enzymes, so they must be obtained from raw foods, and for dogs, particularly raw vegetables and raw meat. Enzymes help to construct new muscle tissue, nerve cells, bone and skin. They also promote oxidation and convert poisons and toxins in the body into harmless substances.
The three types of enzymes in the body are amylase, protease and lipase. Amylase helps with breakdown of carbohydrates, protease with proteins and lipase with fat digestion. Unripe papayas and pineapples are high in proteolytic enzymes, which work on proteins.
Other enzymes besides these for proteins are pepsin, trypsin, rennin, pancreatin and chymostrypsin. Proteolytic enzymes are good for reducing inflammation, diseases of the respiratory tract, bronchitis, pneumonia, viral diseases, cancer and arthritis. Bromelain, the enzyme from pineapple, is also helpful for the proper uptake of other supplements.
Berte’s Zyme (editor’s note: Use Food Science All Zyme)
Contains digestive enzymes for all phases of digestion and assimilation of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
The two major types of essential fatty acids include the Omega-6 fatty acids and the Omega-3 fatty acids. Since Omega-6 fatty acids are more available in most plant oils, Omega-3 fatty acids will be discussed here. The word essential means that the body cannot make these oils, and they must be provided in food.
Omega-3 fatty acids beneficial to a healthy coat and skin, aid in prevention of arthritis, reduce blood pressure, essential for normal function of the brain and enhance the immune system. Sources for Omega-3 fatty acids include cold fish oil, such as salmon, cod and mackerel and Flaxseed Oil. It is important to give vitamin with this oil, as the oil can deplete the body of vitamin E.
Omega-3 fatty acid minimum dosage:
0-25 pounds – 100 mg
25-50 pounds – 250 mg
50-75 pounds – 500 mg
100 pounds – 1000 mg
Organic Flaxseed Oil Caps
Salmon Oil caps
 
 
Garlic
Fresh garlic is useful for killing bacteria, fungus and parasites. It is felt to aid in immune support and normalizing fats in the system. Garlic contains sulfur, potassium, phosphorus, vitamins B and C, allicin, ajoene, amino acids, germanium and selenium. It is also felt that it repels fleas.
Garlic minimum dosage:
0-25 pounds – 1/8 chopped clove
25-50 pounds – 1/4 chopped clove
50-75 pounds – 3/4 chopped clove
100 pounds – one chopped clove
Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar is high in potassium, as well as many other minerals and trace minerals. It is helpful to use internally and topically for fleas and hot spots.
ACV minimum dosage:
0-25 pounds – 1/2 teaspoon
25-50 pounds – one teaspoon
50-75 pounds – 1/2 tablespoon
100 pounds – one tablespoon
Supplements Helpful for Specific Problems
(Please consult with your veterinarian for treatment and diagnosis for any illness. These suggestions are not meant as a substitute for medical treatment)
Allergies
(see Winter, 1997 Newsletter)
Digestive Enzymes
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
– Quercitin
Bromelain
Arthritis and Joint Problems
(see Spring 1999 Newsletter)
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
– Garlic
Flexile-Plus (glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate/manganese ascorbate)
Green Blend
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Digestive Enzymes
Yucca Intensive
Willow Bark Formula
Alfalfa Powder
Vitamin E
Bladder and Kidney Infections
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
– Garlic
– Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
Kidni Care (cornsilk blend)
Cranberry Juice Capsules
Breast Feeding (to increase milk production)
Alfalfa
– Blessed thistle
– Dandelion
– Fennel
– Red raspberry
– Nettle leaf (also contains iron)
Cancer
(see the Summer 1999 Newsletter for diet and supplements)
Cardiovascular Problems
CoEnzyme Q10
– Germanium
– Garlic
L-Carnitine
– L-Taurine
Colitis, Irritable Bowel Disease and Gastritis
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Digestive Enzymes (Berte’s Zyme) (editor’s note: Use Food Science All Zyme)
– Pancreatin (enzyme)
Alfalfa
– Aloe Vera Juice
Constipation
– Aloe Vera Juice
Dermatitis (flaking skin, itching and hair loss)
– Flaxseed Oil or caps
Cold Water Fish Oil
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Sea Kelp or Green Blend
Vitamin E
Diarrhea
– Canned or fresh pulped pumpkin
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Digestive Enzymes (Berte’s Zyme)
Ear Infections (yeast)
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
– Fresh chopped garlic added to food
– Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
Epilepsy
– L-Taurine
– L-Tyrosine
– Magnesium
– Vitamin B6
– Vitamin B12
– B Complex
Digestive Enzymes (Berte’s Zyme)
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
– herbs such as skullcup are very beneficial, as in Easy Does It (editor’s note: out of production)
Hypothyroid
– L-Tyrosine
Sea Kelp
Kennel Cough
Vitamin C with bioflavonoid, given often throughout the day
– Echinacea and Goldenseal (editor’s note: out of production) tincture, given three times a day
Motion Sickness
– Ginger
– Tasha's Traveler Tummy Formula
– Magnesium
Pancreatitis
– Chromium
– Pancreatin
Digestive Enzymes (Berte’s Zyme)
Ultra ProBiotic Powder
– Magnesium Chelate
– Calcium Chelate
Prostate Problems
– Saw Palmetto
– Zinc
– Flaxseed Oil and Cold Water Fish Oil
– Pumpkin seed oil
References
Balch, James F. and Balch, Phyllis A., Prescription for Nutritional Healing. Avery Publishing Group Inc, New York, 1990.
Belfield, Wendell O. and Zucker, Martin, How to Have a Healthier Dog. Orthomolecular Specialties, San Jose, California. 1993
Lieberman, Shari and Bruning, Nancy, The Real Vitamin and Mineral Book. Avery Publishing Group Inc, New York. 1990
Volhard, Wendy and Brown, Kerry, The Holistic Guide for a Healthy Dog.
Book House, 1995.
Contact Me
If you would like to ask me any questions about my products, I would love to hear from you. Please check your return address when you send me email from my web site and try to write me again if you have not heard back from me.
To email: http://b-naturals.com/contact-us
To order call toll free: 1-866-368-2728
To fax an order: 1-763-477-9588
Email orders are also accepted
© Copyright 2002 Lew Olson, All Rights Reserved
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