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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 02-02-2018
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn!
Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos!

Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition

and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 02-01-2018
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

A common complaint and frequent source of frustration for many dog owners is when their dogs experience symptoms of itching, scratching, face rubbing and ear shaking with a discharge. They often try bathing their dogs with special shampoos, they change their food, they check for fleas, and finally make an appointment to visit their veterinarian. If the symptoms continue, pet owners then tend to head off to a Veterinarian who specializes in Dermatology. This vet visit typically starts with a variety of allergy tests and results in treatments using antibiotics, anti-histamines and steroids. Unfortunately, this cycle can continue for years. Test results often point to various foods such as beef or chicken, corn, carrots or wheat, and might pinpoint dust mites, grasses, ragweed, or other oddities that are either not in your neighborhood or to things too prevalent to get rid of. So, now what do you do?

First, it is important to note that food allergies are rare in dogs. It takes prolonged exposure (feeding) to particular foods to develop food allergies. This can happen when your dog is on a ‘fixed’ diet where it has eaten the same food – maybe the same protein daily – for an extensive period of time. This most commonly occurs when fed a commercial dry dog food diet or a cooked or raw diet that has been restricted to just one or two proteins day after day for a long time. Food allergies are not found in puppies and generally not seen in dogs until after two years of age.

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

So are allergy tests worth it? Can they detect just exactly what allergies your dog might have? Research shows they do not. When dogs were tested and found to be high in IgE levels, often they didn’t itch, but dogs with lower IgE levels did.

http://www.2ndchance.info/allergytest-Roque2010.pdf

This research found results from allergy tests in dogs was MARGINAL:

http://www.2ndchance.info/allergytest-Patterson2005.pdf

Click this link to read Dr. Ron Hines full article on allergies and allergy testing, and why he finds them not useful.

http://www.2ndchance.info/allergytesting.htm

Tufts University says, “As it turns out, food allergies are not as common as many pet food companies and websites may like for you to think. And while food allergies are one possible cause for your dog’s itchy skin and ear infections or your cat’s diarrhea, there are many more likely causes which may have nothing to do with the food”. They go on to say “while allergies are often identified as the culprit for itching or gastrointestinal problems, it is most often caused by something else.”

They state the most common cause of itching is fleas, followed next by environmental allergies. They mention pollen, dust mites and grasses. Unfortunately, these are found everywhere.

The article goes on to say, “One of the most frustrating things about food allergies is that there really isn’t an easy test. While many tests – using blood, saliva, and even hair – that can be performed by a veterinarian or purchased by a pet owner online (and even sometimes shockingly, through a Groupon!) advertise that they can diagnose food allergies or “sensitivities”, there is no proof that they work.”

http://vetnutrition.tufts.edu/2017/01/food-allergies/

Further, this article states, “In fact, multiple studies, (including this one just published – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090023317300230) have shown that these kinds of tests are not very helpful in diagnosing food allergies, despite their widespread use for this purpose. Research results presented at a veterinary dermatology (skin) conference even showed that some tests ‘diagnosed’ plain water and stuffed animal ‘fur’ as having food allergies.”

And I will say unequivocally, that SALIVA and HAIR tests DO NOT WORK. Neither of these can detect nor diagnose allergies. Some of these will say they detect ‘food intolerances”, but that is untrue. Food intolerances are specific to too much fat or fiber in the diet and can be easily resolved by taking a closer look at the diet and adjusting it.

Why do some dogs get food allergies – or more commonly environmental allergies – at all, while others do not? It is because some dog’s bodies incorrectly respond to something normal in the environment. The body perceives it as harmful and therefore responds by attacking it. While the symptoms of this response tend to show up in hives, itching, itchy feet and ears, and weepy eyes, food allergies are far less likely to be the cause. It has everything to do with the state of that particular dog’s immune system. Some dogs are born with a poor immune system that could be the result of a variety of factors. It could be that the puppy came from a puppy mill or a puppy’s mom was not fed properly during pregnancy. Maybe the puppy was fed a poor diet when it was young or didn’t get enough good socialization or exercise. It could also be the result of health issues that required early surgery and anesthesia. All of these could lead to a compromised immune system.

The first step in trying to find out what might be causing your dog’s itching is to do a skin culture and sensitivity test at your veterinarian’s office. This is when your veterinarian takes a skin scraping from the affected areas and sends it to a laboratory to culture. This test determines if bacteria or yeast is present on the skin and it is the most accurate way to see WHAT bacteria is present (or yeast) so the CORRECT antibiotic can be given, ifs needed. Please be aware that antibiotic use can cause yeast to grow, so it is very important to give probiotics in-between antibiotic doses, two to three times daily.

If your dog has diarrhea, check to see if your dog has too much fat or too much fiber it its diet. It is also important to determine if your dog just doesn’t do well on a dry commercial food diet. These diets are very high in carbohydrates and fiber and can be irritating to many dogs.

While most of the articles talk about a food elimination diet, I think it is more effective to improve your dog’s current diet. This in turn will also help support your dog’s immune system more effectively.

Some ways to improve your dog’s diet would be to add some fresh food to a current kibble diet:

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/mixing-fresh-food-with-kibble/

Taking it one step further, you could change your dog’s diet to a home-cooked diet. Changing to this diet offers fresh foods which provide more nutrients and allows you to have control over ALL the ingredients you feed. This way you know exactly what your dog is eating.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/cooked-diet/

Lastly, if you don’t have the time or the energy to cook, you can also offer your dog a raw diet which offers the highest level of nutrients. You can either purchase pre-made raw diets or you can make your own.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/raw-diet/

Whether you choose to add fresh foods to a commercial kibble diet, home-cook your dog’s meals or feed a raw diet to your dog, you can find great detailed information and recipes on all these variations of diets in my book ‘Raw and Natural Nutrition for Dogs’. My book also includes the history of feeding dogs, the history of dog food, and the anatomy and digestive needs of canines.

I also have videos available with complete instructions on making both homemade and raw diets. These videos give you the information and education you need to proceed with confidence. You can find these here:

https://rawandnaturalnutritionfordogs.teachable.com

To enhance and improve your dog’s diet, I recommend adding Fish oil capsules at one 1000 mg capsule per 10-20 pounds of body weight. The Omega 3 found in fish oil is wonderful for the coat and skin, it helps support the immune system, protects the heart and kidneys and fights inflammation.

Another supplement I suggest is adding the Berte’s Immune Blend to your dog’s diet. This supplement contains vitamins A, B complex, C, D3 and vitamin E, all of which help support a good immune system. It also contains probiotics, which help fight yeast overgrowth.

In cases of severe inflammation and itching, the Yucca Intensive can help. It contains saponins, which can help fight inflammation and some intestinal problems. Be sure to give one drop per 10 pounds of body weight WITH FOOD. And NEVER mix with steroids or other NSAIDs.

Bathe your dog weekly with a mild shampoo. Rinse with a solution of 1/4 WHITE vinegar and 3/4 water. This solution will help kill yeast on the skin. Use Thayers Witch Hazel with Aloe on affected areas during the week. The witch hazel kills the bacteria and yeast and the aloe helps cool and heal the affected areas. For feet

, you can use a human athlete’s foot spray once or twice a day. All of these contain yeast controlling ingredients that are safe to use on your dog’s feet.

I hope you found this article helpful. Always see a veterinarian to pursue the right diagnosis for your dog’s itching and coat problems. The RIGHT diagnosis will bring the right treatment to help your dog heal and return to normal. Improving your dog’s diet will enhance recovery and help support your dog’s immune system.

Don’t forget! Exercise such as walking, throwing a ball, obedience or rally classes, as well as barn hurt or nose work classes all help to stimulate your dog’s brain. This in turn, helps the immune system. Keep your dog’s coat and skin clean and don’t forget to wash the bedding and anywhere else your dog sleeps or hangs out! All of these things will make for a happier and healthier dog!

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Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

 

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn!

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos!

Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition

And preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

 

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required

If you want to have a complete understanding about Canine Nutrition, which includes the history of feeding dogs and a solid explanation of canine anatomy and digestion, you can now take Lew’s complete 3-hour on-line course video on “Raw and Natural Nutrition for Dogs!” This complete on-line video course also includes all the information you need to easily plan and prepare both Raw and Home-Cooked diets for you dogs. It includes recipes and instructions, along with details on what supplies you’ll need and how to economically shop for the recipe ingredients. The cost for this all-inclusive on-line course video is $199!

Sign up today and it also includes a bonus membership to the ‘Raw and Natural Nutrition for Dogs’ discussion Facebook Page, which is open only to those who have enrolled into this full-length course. This discussion page talks about all aspects of canine nutrition, answers questions on raw and home-cooked diets and explores your questions and issues about canine health and nutrition.

If you prefer to focus on just the specifics of feeding either a Raw Diet or a Home-Cooked Diets, you can also purchase Lew’s separate on-line videos for preparing these diets.  Each of these videos include recipes and instructions on preparation and include details on supplies you will need and how to shop for the ingredients you need.  These on-line videos include everything you need to easily prepare Raw or Home-Cooked diets for your dog at home! The on-line videos these specific diets are $60 each.

It doesn’t end here.  Stay tuned!  There is more to come!  Upcoming course videos include topics relating to Kidney problems, Pancreatitis diets, Cancer prevention and Liver diets!

Sign up Today at https://rawandnaturalnutritionfordogs.teachable.com.

You will certainly be ‘In-the-Know’ and your dogs will thank you!

 

Part II of January’s Newsletter

B-Naturals Newsletter Reference by Topic – 2018

As an added bonus to start out the New Year, we realized it is always nice to have an easy reference source by topic at your fingertips so you can find the information you need and want for your dog. So, as Part II of this month’s newsletter, we’ve provided a recap to this information for you. All of the following newsletter are linked to the Newsletter page of the B-Naturals website.

History of Dog Food

Canine Diet and Diet Health – Resources

Canine Diet – General Information

Canine Diets – Specific

Raw Diets

Cooked Diets:  Low-Glycemic

Mixed Diets – Fresh and Kibble

Vegetarian Diets

Feeding Performance Dogs

Feeding Senior Dogs

Feeding Toy Breeds

Diet, Pregnancy and Fertility

Puppy Rearing, Whelping and Feeding

Canine Diets – Ingredient Components

Protein

Fats

Carbohydrates

Supplements

Supplements General

Vitamins and Minerals

Enzymes and Probiotics

Herbs

Canine Health Issues and Diseases

General Information

Addison’s and Cushing’s Disease

Allergies

Arthritis and Joint Problems

Bladder, Crystal, Stone and Incontinence Issues

Blood Work and Blood Values

Cancer

Canine Influenza

Diabetes

Digestion and Gastric Problems

Epilepsy

Heart

Heartworm:

Immune System

Kidney

Leptospirosis

Liver

Muscular Dystrophy

Pain Management

Pancreatitis

Stress and Anxiety:

Thyroid

Tick-borne Diseases

 

 

Everyone at B-Naturals thanks you for your continued patronage and support!

We wish each of you a very Happy and Safe New Year!

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 12-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Brussells Griffen PupsI thought this matter had been settled! However, I recently ran into a couple of articles arguing that dogs were omnivores. This idea has perplexed me for years. Internally, regardless of how differently dogs look from the outside, they have all the characteristics of carnivores. Dogs have a hinged jaw that moves up and down – not side to side, and sharp pointed teeth – not flat molars. Their teeth and jaw are meant to rip and tear meat.  They are not meant to chew, grind and pulverize grains and grasses. They have a short and simple digestive tract, whereas omnivores have a longer, more complex digestive tract. Opposite of omnivores, food stays in a dog’s stomach longer and then passes quickly through its short digestive tract. Omnivores pass food to their intestines more quickly and then the food stays in their intestines longer.

I can only wonder what the motive is for claiming dogs can equally subsist on plant and animal-based foods. Could it perhaps be motivated by the pet food industry? After all, commercial pet food companies subsist on using high amounts of carbohydrates such as grains, potatoes and legumes. This is because these ingredients are necessary for maintaining a longer shelf life.  Diets made from meat and fat would surely rot quickly in a bag.

One frequently seen argument is that years of eating plant materials, starches, grains and cereals have changed dogs into omnivores. But that isn’t how evolution works, at least not in thousands, or even tens of thousands of years. Simply changing the diet of a species doesn’t change them from a carnivore to an omnivore or an omnivore to an herbivore.

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

Two Rottweilers StandingGenetics can cause appearance changes quickly, such as short ears to long, floppy ears or small almond eyes to round eyes and even long legs to short dwarfism legs. However, changing the internal digestive tract of an animal would take hundreds of thousands of years to change. If this could occur, many of the non-adaptive members of the species would die off. Spontaneous mutation can make small, more instant changes, but again, it would take hundreds – or in reality – thousands of years to change the entire digestive system of the species, which in this case, would include the structure of the jaws and teeth, the complexity of the digestive tract, and the enzymes needed to digest a standard omnivore diet of grains and grasses.

Recent studies have shown that dogs have more of an ability to digest starches than wolves, and both are classified in the same species. Several have taken this to mean dogs are now omnivores. But the addition of more starch enzymes copied in the pancreas, doesn’t help with dogs, or wolves, as they have no amylase in their saliva. Starch digestion starches in the mouth to help with digestion further when it reaches the stomach and then the small intestine. And even then, dogs have a short and simple digestive tract which makes the passing of the high-fiber found in starch difficult to pass and process. Because dogs have a short intestinal tract, they can’t ferment food well, so food is not further broken down in the large intestine. As a result, high-fiber diets produce large, foul smelling stools in dogs and it wastes their energy trying to digest the large mass of food, which is foreign to a carnivore’s digestive tract.

I have seen the claim that wolves eat the stomach contents of their prey in the wild. This too is incorrect. Dr. David Mech followed wolves for years to observe their habitat, hunting patterns and how they have adapted. He found that wolves consumed all their prey except the skull, which is too hard to consume, and the stomach contents, which are bitter and full of gastric juices and bile. Further studies have also shown this to be true. “Wolves do not feed on the contents of the rumen; so this, along with the larger unbreakable bones and some of the hide, are often the only things remaining when wolves and associated scavengers are done.”

http://jn.nutrition.org/content/136/7/1923S.full

Further, dogs are in the same species as wolves. They can interbreed and their DNA is so close it can’t be distinguished when they interbreed:

“Wolves (canis lupus), coyotes (canis latrans), and domestic dogs (canis familiaris) are closely-related species. All three can interbreed and produce viable, fertile offspring – wolfdogs, coywolves, and coydogs.

Through DNA analysis, scientists have established that the wolf is the ancestor of the dog. Dogs and wolves are so closely related that DNA analysis cannot distinguish a wolf from a dog or a wolfdog hybrid.”

https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/wolves-coyotes-and-dogs/

Certainly there are some odd carnivores. One of which is the Giant Panda, which eats mostly bamboo. Through mutation, they have a gene that causes them to find meat repulsive. As a result, they are left to eat massive amounts of bamboo to survive. They lack energy due to the lack of animal protein and have to consume each other’s feces to maintain bacteria in their gut. They do possess one crushing molar which is important for starch digestion. Dogs do not have any flat molars so they are unable to fully pulverize plant materials to help with digestion. Additionally, dogs do not produce any amylase in their saliva which is needed to start the digestion of starches.

“Genome sequencing of the giant panda suggests that the dietary switch could have initiated from the loss of the sole T1R1/T1R3 umami taste receptor, resulting from two frameshift mutations within the T1R1 exons.[69] Umami taste corresponds to high levels of glutamate as found in meat, and may have thus altered the food choice of the giant panda.[70).” Furthermore, they do poorly on this diet: “However, the giant panda still has the digestive system of a carnivore, as well as carnivore-specific genes, [59] and thus derives little energy and little protein from consumption of bamboo. Its ability to digest cellulose is ascribed to the microbes in its gut. [60][61] Pandas are born with sterile intestines, and require bacteria obtained from their mother’s feces to digest vegetation. [62] The giant panda is a “highly specialized” animal with “unique adaptations”, and has lived in bamboo forests for millions of years. [50] The average giant panda eats as much as 9 to 14 kilograms (20 to 30 pounds) of bamboo shoots a day to compensate for the limited energy content of its diet. Ingestion of such a large quantity of material is possible because of the rapid passage of large amounts of indigestible plant material through the short, straight digestive tract. [63][64] It is also noted, however, that such rapid passage of digesta limits the potential of microbial digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, [63] limiting alternative forms of digestion. Given this voluminous diet, the giant panda defecates up to 40 times a day. [65] The limited energy input imposed on it by its diet has affected the panda’s behavior. The giant panda tends to limit its social interactions and avoids steeply sloping terrain to limit its energy expenditures. [66]”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_panda

Dogs simply don’t fit the odd mutation found in pandas. Dogs are carnivores, and through domestication as humans have taken them as pets, they have been subjected to what we feed them. This, however, has not changed them from carnivores to omnivores. It has simply forced them to survive on what was provided to them. Often, as humans seem fit to do, we place animals in categories that make the most sense to us at the time. We rationalize what we feed them by designating them as ‘omnivores’ or ‘omnivorous’ or ‘scavengers’. We make these terms up to fit our perception of reality. And pet food companies jump on these terms to justify the ingredients in their dog food.

There are differences in carnivores. Takes cats for example.  They are ‘obligate carnivores’. Cats must have meat to survive as they need things found in meat that carbohydrates (plants) can’t provide. This includes vitamin A. They cannot convert beta carotene to a usable form. They also need taurine, which is not found in plants. Arginine, which is only found in meat, is an amino acid essential to cats. Without it, they can die!

Dogs are similar. They can convert beta carotene, however, not efficiently. Only 50% or less. Dogs must also have taurine or they can die from heart failure. Dogs must also have an animal-based form of vitamin D, known as D3, as they can’t use plant-based calcium. It is worthless to them. Additionally, dogs must get iron from animal sources. They can’t use it from plants or supplements. Additionally, dogs must have arginine from meat sources daily or they can become ill and die. Lastly, dogs cannot convert omega 3 fatty acids from plant-based oils. They must have animal-based oils which are found in fish-based oils (already converted) to be effective.

https://www.dsm.com/markets/anh/en_US/Compendium/companion_animals/vitamin_A.html

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/the-importance-of-vitamin-d3-in-your-dogs-diet/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7241223

“However, in mammals, ALA is not efficiently converted to EPA and DHA. The conversion rate of ALA to EPA and DHA is believed to be <10% in humans, [19, 20] and also is believed to be rather limited in dogs [21, 22] and cats. [23, 24] Therefore, when supplementing omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil is a more potent and efficient source of EPA and DHA as compared with products rich in ALA such as flaxseed, linseed, or canola oil. Supplementation of ALA does have benefits, especially in management of dermatologic disease, [2] but different omega-3 fatty acids have different effects on the body and on disease.”

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jvim.12033/full

So yes, dogs need meat and they need it daily! There is no evidence proving dogs need carbohydrates or that they are designed to consume them or use them. In fact the National Research Council which determines what dogs need nutritionally, states dogs have no nutritional need for carbohydrates. None! What dogs need are animal proteins and fat and the amino acids, minerals and vitamins provided by them.

Rotties sleepingSo really? Is there any question on whether or not dogs are carnivores? There shouldn’t be! Everything they need for nutrition is found in animal-based foods. Nothing of what they need is found in plant-based foods or carbohydrates. Their anatomy is distinct in having all the characteristics found in carnivores!

If you would like more information on how to make home-prepared meals for your dog that are nutritious and contain animal meat and protein, then my book, “Raw and Natural Nutrition for Dogs” is exactly what you need! It has easy, simple-to-follow instructions on preparing either raw meals with bones (yes, these are safe if fed raw!) or home cooked meals with minimal low-sugar carbohydrates (which are only added to help form stools). This is not difficult and your dog will appreciate you so much for it!

A great companion supplement to add to your dog’s diet is the Berte’s Immune Blend. This supplement contains animal-sourced vitamin A and D3, as well as probiotics and digestive enzymes. It is a great supplement for supporting your dog’s immune-system. Another good addition is the Berte’s EPA Fish Oil Capsules. Omega 3 fatty acids are also great for the immune system and they are renal, liver and heart protective and great for healthy skin and a glowing coat!

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 11-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 
I am frequently asked about supplements. What supplements should I give my dog to maintain good health and which should I give to support a specific health issue? So
this month, we’re going I am going to suggest helpful vitamins and supplements you can offer your dogs that are safe for daily use and those that are beneficial for
supporting specific health conditions.

Vitamins

Vitamins come in two categories. Water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.

Water Soluble Vitamins

Water-soluble vitamins are easily flushed from the body and oftentimes need to be given twice daily for the best results. Water-soluble vitamins include vitamin C and B vitamins. It is hard to overdose on these vitamins, however, if you give too much vitamin C without building to bowel tolerance slowly, it can cause diarrhea. B vitamins can cause the urine to be bright yellow in color. However, overall they are very safe and can be given to your dog daily.

B Vitamins

B Vitamins help with nerve development, help maintain kidney function, support healthy muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and support the eyes and the skin. B
vitamins include B-1 (thiamin), B-2 (riboflavin), B-3 (niacin and niacinamide), B-6 (pyridoxine), B-12 (cobalamin), folic acid, pantothenic acid, biotin, choline, inositol
and PABA. These vitamins need to work together and therefore work best in the body if they are all given as a vitamin B complex as opposed to giving just one or two of the B group of vitamins separately. B vitamins are found in meat, poultry, fish, organ meat, eggs, and leafy green vegetables.

B-complex vitamins should be given in the following dosages:

0-25 pounds: 25 mg daily
25-50 pounds: 25 – 50 mg daily
50-75 pounds: 50 – 100 mg daily
75-100 pounds: 5 to 150 mg daily

Vitamin C

Offering vitamin C with bioflavonoid is very important. Bioflavonoids help with the uptake of vitamin C and add to vitamin C’s antioxidant value. Vitamin C is an
essential antioxidant and immune builder, and it has many functions. It helps support the immune system, helps with collagen building (present in connective tissue),
supports capillary repair and adrenal gland functioning. Additionally, it stimulates the production of lymphocytes, fights bacteria and viruses, enhances the ability of
chemotherapy drugs, helps prevent high blood pressure and serum cholesterol, supports the production of anti-stress hormones and aids in the healing of wounds. Vitamin C also helps with allergy issues as it acts as a natural antihistamine.
While dogs produce some vitamin C, it is often not enough for dogs living with the daily stress of pollution, low physical activity, illness, and those involved in
performance training. Higher doses have also been shown to help with pain relief and immunity.
Because vitamin C is water soluble, it is flushed from the body quickly. Therefore, it is important to give this supplement with each meal or at least twice daily.
Foods that are high in vitamin C include broccoli, brussel sprouts, kale, cabbage, parsley, pineapple, strawberries, spinach, turnip greens and collard greens.
There are several types of vitamin C, but the most common is the calcium ascorbate type because it is buffered and easier on the digestive tract.
Bioflavonoids, which are not exactly a vitamin, are found in the rinds of citrus fruits and are an antioxidant. When taken with vitamin C, they help with the uptake and absorption of the vitamin. They help strengthen capillary walls, help with hemorrhages and prevent bruising. They are also shown to be helpful with inflammatory conditions and arthritis. Bioflavonoids may also be helpful in the treatment and prevention of cataracts. All forms of vitamin C are useful and beneficial, but make sure the type you use has bioflavonoids so you can offer the full benefit of the vitamin C.

Vitamin C should be given in the following minimum dosages:

0-25 pounds: 100 – 250 mg daily
25-50 pounds: 250 – 500 mg daily
50-75 pounds: 500 – 1,000 mg daily
75-100 pounds: 1,000 – 2,000 mg daily

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fat in the body and have a longer ‘life’ in the body. They are not easily flushed from the body as water-soluble vitamins are and
the recommended dosages are generally smaller than water-soluble vitamins. Because these vitamins are stored in the body’s fat, it is possible to overdose your dog on these vitamins, so the dosage given is very important. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamin A, D and E.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is believed to help fight respiratory infections and keep the body’s tissues healthy. It is considered to have antioxidant properties, helps maintain good eye
function, and promotes good reproduction and healthy skin. There are two types of vitamin A. The first type is found in animal sources and is called active vitamin A. An
example of active vitamin A is cod liver oil. The second type is beta-carotene, which is found in plant sources. There has not been enough research done with dogs to show the value of beta-carotene, but both types are considered helpful. Good food sources of active vitamin A are found in beef, chicken liver, eggs and dairy products.
Generally, the food sources that contain vitamin A are rich enough that supplementation is not necessary; however, more may be added for immunity purposes, respiratory problems, ulcers, skin issues and cancer prevention. I would not exceed the recommended dosages, which are as follows:
Small dogs: 1,000 IUs daily
Medium dogs: 2,500 IUs daily
Large dogs: No more than 5,000 IUs daily

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is also considered a hormone. It is not only found in food, but also sunlight. It helps with the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body by
increasing absorption of these in the intestines. A deficiency of this vitamin in puppies can result in rickets, stunted growth, delayed tooth development and bone
deformities. While sunlight provides some vitamin D, it isn’t always enough. Some food sources that contain vitamin D include fatty saltwater fish, fish liver oils and
fortified dairy products.

The daily intake for dogs is:

Small dogs: 100 IU daily
Medium dogs: 200 IU daily
Large dogs: 400 IU daily

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant and an anti-carcinogen. It helps protect vitamin C and vitamin A from oxidation. It helps circulation, arthritis, the healing of wounds,
supports normal functioning of the nervous system, prevents cell damage, improves athletic performance and may prevent aging. It also works synergistically with omega 3 fatty acids (as found in fish oils), so you want to make sure vitamin E is given with omega 3 fish oils.

The minimum dosages for Vitamin E are:

0-25 pounds: 50 – 100 IUs daily
25-50 pounds: 100 – 200 IUs daily
50-75 pounds: 400 IUs daily
75-100 pounds: 400 – 800 IUs daily

CoQ10

CoQ10 is a fat soluble, ‘vitamin-like’ substance that is an antioxidant. It is found primarily in meat and fish. It helps protect the heart and protects against
periodontal disease and cancer. Dogs have the ability to produce CoQ10, but as they age, this production lessens. Studies in rats have been shown to increase lifespan.

The dosage for CoQ10 is 2 milligrams per pound of pound of weight daily.

Supplements

Digestion Aids

Many dogs on dry or processed foods are missing two vital ingredients in their daily diet. These are probiotics and enzymes. Probiotics are the good, flora and fauna friendly bacteria needed for proper and healthy digestion. Enzymes are needed to help breakdown and process fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Heat over 110 degrees kills both probiotics and enzymes. During the process of making commercial kibble foods, the ingredients are subject to very high temperatures during the cooking and extrusion process. Therefore, if you feed dry or processed foods, it is important to add these supplements to your dog’s daily diet. For those feeding a fresh food diet or a mixture of fresh and dry foods, probiotics and enzymes are in the uncooked foods.

Probiotics

Good bacteria include acidophilus (lactobacillus acidophilus) and lactobacillus bifidus. These are also contained naturally in buttermilk, yogurt, acidophilus milk, kefir and some cheeses. Acidophilus may be helpful in detoxifying harmful substances as it has an antibacterial effect and antifungal properties. It also aids digestion and helps with the absorption of nutrients. Berte’s Ultra Probiotic Powder contains lactobacillus, streptococcus faecium, bacillus subtilis and amylase, protease and lipase.

Digestive Enzymes

Enzymes are needed for digesting food, they aid in the repair of tissue, and support all body functions. While the body can make its own enzymes, it must also get them
from food. As stated above, heat destroys many enzymes, so they must be obtained from raw foods. For dogs, they must be obtained particularly from raw meat and vegetables.
Enzymes help to construct new muscle tissue, nerve cells, bone and skin. They also promote oxidation and convert poisons and toxins in the body into harmless substances. The three types of enzymes in the body are amylase, protease and lipase. Amylase helps with breakdown of carbohydrates, protease with proteins, and lipase with fat digestion. Unripe papayas and pineapples are high in proteolytic enzymes, which work on proteins. Other enzymes that help work on proteins are pepsin, trypsin, rennin, pancreatin and chymotrypsin. Proteolytic enzymes are good for reducing inflammation, helping with diseases of the respiratory tract, bronchitis, pneumonia, viral diseases, cancer and arthritis. Bromelain, the enzyme from pineapple, is also helpful for the proper uptake of other supplements.

L-Glutamine

L-Glutamine is an amino acid that has many wonderful properties. It helps heal the intestinal tract lining and increase muscle mass. Used daily, this amino acid can
help stop inflammation and irritation in the gut due to IBD (Irritable Bowel Disease), IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) and colitis.

The dosage for L-Glutamine is approximately 500 mg per 25 pounds of body weight one or twice daily.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Supplementing with omega 3 essential fatty acids is very important as it supports many different bodily functions. It helps regulate blood pressure and muscle
contractions, supports reproductive health, the heart, and blood clotting. It also helps reduce inflammation and offers protection against some cancers as cancer cells
cannot feed on omega 3 fatty acids.

Supplements for Daily Use – Healthy Dogs

A good prevention supplement that you can feed daily can be found in the Berte’s Daily Blend vitamins. It contains vitamin C, E, B vitamins, D and A, and also kelp and alfalfa. Along with this supplement, offering EPA fish oil capsules at 1000 milligrams per 20 pounds of body weight daily is very beneficial. If your dog experiences some stress from traveling, dog shows, performance work, etc., the Berte’s Immune Blend formula may be more beneficial in meeting your dog’s needs. The Berte’s Immune Blend has all the same ingredients as the Berte’s Daily Blend, less the kelp and alfalfa, but also contains both digestive enzymes and probiotics.
With the high processing protocol of commercial kibbles, many of the nutrients your dog needs are lost in the process. Adding the vitamins and omega 3 essential fatty
acids assures your dog is getting the vitamins and omega 3 it needs to maintain good health. Even if you are feeding a fresh food diet, the boost of these supplements is
beneficial.

Supplements for Daily Use – Specific to Health Conditions

Allergies

Vitamin C with bioflavonoids
Quercetin/Bromelain

Arthritis and Joint Problems

Vitamin C with Bioflavonoid

Bladder and Kidney Infections

B complex

Cancer

Cardiac

L-Taurine
L-Carnitine

Dermatitis (flaking skin, itching and hair loss)

Diarrhea

Berte’s Digestion
Blend
(probiotics, enzymes and l-glutamine)

Ear Infections (yeast)

Vitamin C with bioflavonoid

Epilepsy

L-Taurine (also found in meat)
Magnesium
B complex

Hypothyroid

Kennel Cough

Vitamin C bioflavonoid, given often throughout the day
Echinacea and Goldenseal tincture, given three times a day

Motion Sickness

Tasha’s Traveler Tummy Formula (contains Ginger and more)
Magnesium

Pancreatitis

Berte’s Digestion
Blend
(probiotics, enzymes and l-glutamine)
(See July 2004 Newsletter for more information on pancreatitis and
diet)
We hope you find this newsletter helpful. Adding vitamins and supplements to your dog’s daily diet can be helpful in maintaining good health and supporting specific
health issues.

All of us at B-Naturals wish you a Happy Thanksgiving!

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

May you enjoy all the good food and time with family!

(Please keep the cooked turkey bones away from your dogs!!)

 

 

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 10-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

I was asked on the K9Nutrition Facebook page to explain why dogs get gas and what causes it? This is a question that has numerous answers, but in most cases, the answer depends on what is in the dog’s diet.

Dry dog food can be a known cause of gas simply due to the high carbohydrate content in the food, which commonly includes grains, rice, vegetables and fruit. All of these ingredients contain fiber and with the dog’s short and simple digestive tract (unlike ours), they struggle to digest all the bulk fiber. This struggle results in gas and causes larger stools with more odor. To help alleviate this, avoid dry dog foods that contain grains, beans, lentils, beet pulp, pumpkin or other bulkier starches. When feeding a dry commercial dog food, make sure the protein source is a quality protein and the amount of carbohydrates listed in the ingredients is limited. Adding fresh food to kibble in the form of animal-based proteins such as meat, eggs, yogurt and cottage cheese will cut down the amount of fiber and help reduce gas, stool size and odor.

Home-cooked diets can do the same thing if the carbohydrate ratio to protein is too high. Home-cooked diets should not be more than 25% carbohydrates and should contain a limited amount of starches, such as potatoes, carrots, sweet potatoes and no grains.

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

On occasion, diets too high in fat can cause gas. If you are feeding a raw diet and your dog is still experiencing too much gas, remove chicken skin and trim any extra fat off meats. Fattier meats like pork and lamb can cause gas, as well as high amounts of rich food like organ meat (liver and kidney).

Feeding too much food can also cause gas, as well as diarrhea. In fresh food diets, we feed about 2% to 3% of the dog’s body in weight of food. When you adjust the diet accordingly, the problem often disappears.

Certain medications can also cause gas. These include antibiotics, some non-steroidal medications such as Rimadyl, Metacam, Piroxicam, etc.  Always be sure to check side effects on any medication you give your dog.

A good supplement to help reduce or slow down gas in dogs, is probiotics.  These are the ‘good’ bacteria that aid in good digestion and help the immune system. This good flora and fauna help keep bad bacteria in check and also help combat yeast. It is best to give probiotics with meals. However, if you are giving antibiotics for a health condition, it is best to give probiotics in-between meals, as antibiotics indiscriminately kill most bacteria.  A good choice is the Berte’s Ultra Probiotic Powder, which contains a generous amounts of the good bacteria. This is a very affordable supplement, priced at $13.95 for 16 oz.

Yogurt and kefir also contain probiotics, so adding either of these whole foods to each meal is helpful as well. Adding about a teaspoon for the smallest dogs to a couple of tablespoons for large dogs is beneficial.

Another helpful tip is to feed smaller, more frequent meals. Large meals fed once or twice a day can cause gas in some dogs. Smaller, more frequent meals are easier to digest and reduce the burden on the dog’s digestive tract.

If the problem of gas continues, sometimes animal-based digestive enzymes can help as they assist with predigesting fats and proteins in the stomach. The Berte’s Digestion Blend has a good mix of animal-based enzymes, as well as probiotics and l-glutamine, which helps heal the digestive tract lining.

I hope you find these tips helpful. Be patient, as sometimes it can take your dog a bit of time to adjust to diet changes and the addition of supplements.

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 09-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 
  • Bladder Stones – a common problem. There are a variety of bladder stones and each requires a different approach. If your dog has stones or crystals, always have your veterinarian perform a sterile urine culture as each are handled VERY DIFFERENTLY and not treated the same way! Remember, the only accurate pH reading on your dog’s urine comes from the first catch of the day!

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/november-2009-struvite-and-calcium-oxalate-urinary-stones-and-crystals/

  • Coconut oil is NOT a godsend sent to earth to save all dogs and people! It is a plant oil and doesn’t offer much to dogs. Dogs can’t get omega 3 fatty acids from plant oils as it is in the form of ALA, which dogs cannot convert to omega 3. Coconut oil is a fat and is fattening and it may help dogs on kibble or other diets that have poor fat sources, but it does NOT kill bacteria, fungus and viruses. The coconut industry has done a wonderful job of marketing and the word of mouth over the Internet has made the industry a bundle of money. Coconut oil is high in lauric acid, a fatty oil that raises cholesterol in humans. Lauric acid is something dogs and people need, but in only in SMALL amounts. It is found naturally in breast milk and also goat and cow’s milk, yogurt and cottage cheese.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/is-coconut-oil-useful-for-dogs/

http://www.healthyskin4dogs.com/blog/2015/6/9/magical-coconut-oil-will-coconut-oil-help-my-dogs-allergies-facts-fiction

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

http://scepticalnutritionist.com.au/?p=844

https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/coconut-oil/

  • Bone broth is nutritious, however it is NOT a ‘cure-all’ or ‘tonic’. It is delicious to some dogs, but it does not cure illness.
  • Dogs have no nutritional need for carbohydrates. Grains, fruits, vegetables and seeds are all carbohydrates. It is doubtful dogs get anything from carbs other than gas and larger, sloppy stools. If you feel carbohydrates benefit, give them dried seaweed vegetables like kelp, spirulina, dulce or blue green algae for phytonutrients, but NOT grass greens like barley or wheat.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/carbohydrates-good-or-bad/

  • When starting dogs out on a raw diet, remember half the diet needs to be raw meaty bones. Good examples include chicken necks and backs, pork necks and breast bone, pork tails, and turkey necks. Do NOT start out new dogs on chicken leg quarters as these are large AND fatty and can cause digestive upset. Cut the raw meaty bones into smaller pieces until your dog stops gulping them out of greed and joy! Dogs don’t naturally chew food; they swallow food in big pieces.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/feeding-raw-is-easy-and-safe/

  • Variety is important! Try to use at least FOUR different protein sources over a week’s time. These can include beef, lamb, goat, turkey, chicken, venison, rabbit, pork, etc. Do NOT feed a diet of mostly chicken. Dogs get the best nutrition from red meat (lamb, pork, beef, venison), so be liberal with these meat choices over chicken whenever and wherever possible.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/protein-and-variety-in-the-diet/

  • It isn’t the ‘chewing’ of bones that keep a dog’s teeth clean, but rather feeding a diet with NO carbohydrates! Carbohydrates covert to sugar and dogs have no amylase in their saliva to break down sugary foods, so they stick to the dog’s teeth and gums. It is grains, fruits and vegetables that cause tooth decay, discoloration and gum disease!

 

  • Allergy testing. One of the most common problems in dogs is itching, scratching and losing hair. I get a lot of emails from people giving me lists of what their dogs are allergic to and what they can and can’t eat. This is great; except that allergy saliva and blood tests are highly inaccurate. In fact, research questions whether or not testing for IgE (or the others) even mean allergies. It is speculated that dogs that show no allergies can test positive for allergies! Skin tests MIGHT be more accurate, but it means using anesthesia and shaving numerous places on your dog to get these. Please note: Food allergies are extremely rare in dogs! And if they do occur, it usually happens after a dog is two years old. At any rate, Dr. Hines explains this very well on his website. I invite you to read it, along with his sources:

http://www.2ndchance.info/allergytesting.htm

Take a look at your dog’s diet. Does it contain a variety of high quality proteins (raw or lightly cooked meats, not processed meats)? Is the diet low in carbohydrates? Carbohydrates are probably one of the biggest offenders for reactions in dogs, including yeast issues on the skin. Does the diet contain omega 3 fatty acids? Good sources of omega 3’s include fish oil capsules, canned fish (salmon, sardines or mackerel packed in water) or grass fed raw meats. Until you and your veterinarian determine the root cause of the problem, diet corrections and adjustments oftentimes lead to the biggest improvements.

More here:

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/skin-problems-part-i-allergies-or-food-intolerances/

  • Fish Oil for Omega 3. Please use fish oil capsules as opposed to bottled oils as they expose the oil to air. Fish oil capsules should also be kept in an opaque bottle to keep light out and they should be kept in a cool place. Fish oil is fragile and when exposed to air, light and heat, the oil can lose its integrity quickly.

https://www.b-naturals.com/newsletter/why-your-dog-needs-omega-3-fatty-acids/

  • Does apple cider vinegar kill yeast? NO! ACV is fermented and contains a small amount of sugar. At best, it would help feed yeast. Use white vinegar instead. A mixture of ¼ white vinegar and ¾ water is good to use on affected feet, in ears and as a rinse after bathing. It also helps remove any residue from the shampoo!

 

  • Fasting, yes or no? The answer is NO. Dogs need a schedule and to fast them for a day is simply unkind. If we have food around the house or we cook and prepare a meal, the dog will smell it and their gastric juices will flow which could possibly cause gastric upset in your dog. The only time I recommend fasting is if he dog has an upset stomach, and then, I would fast just one meal.

I hope this clears up some common questions. If you have questions about other nutrition issues, please let me know. I will try and address these more often in my newsletters, so keep reading!

Everyone at B-Naturals sends out their thoughts and prayers for all affected by Hurricane Harvey.  Please keep yourself and your animals safe.

If you are looking for ways to help, please consider donating to:

Rottweilers of Hurricane Harvey

Rottweiler Rescue Foundation

SPCA Hurricane Harvey News

Hurricane Harvey Dog Rescue

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 08-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

I wrote a newsletter about l-glutamine in November of 2006, so I decided it was time to revisit this subject. This amino acid has been used by body builders to help develop muscle mass. It has also been used for babies born prematurely to assist in better digestion, and to protect and regenerate the lining of the digestive tract. It is used in cases of starvation to help in healing and for better assimilation of nutrients. Let’s look at some of the newer information and explore the benefits, and drawbacks, that have been updated.

 

L-glutamine is easily found in good numbers in our bodies. It is found in good amounts in dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese and meat. While it is unknown why we might suffer a depletion of this amino acid, people consuming a vegan diet may be low in this amino acid. It is known that many cancer cells use l-glutamine for energy, and when this causes us to become low in this amino acid, it causes wasting or cachexia. In most types of cancer, it is helpful to give the patient l-glutamine to help prevent this. But in a few types of cancer, it may cause the tumor to grow. But then, it is important to keep the patient as healthy as possible. More research is being done on this now. I will share any new findings that I might find on this.

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

 

Research shows l-glutamine can add in healing, if given three days prior to major surgery. In some cases, it is given via IV after surgery to further assist if needed. It can also help maintain and regain some muscle mass, although studies have shown it is NOT helpful to put on MORE muscle mass in a health individual.

 

Our bodies releases cortisol in times of stress or injury, which in turn reduces l-glutamine in the body. It has been demonstrated that giving patients l-glutamine who have suffered severe burns, or had a traumatic injury, or suffered bad infections, heal faster. It has also been used to prevent multiple organ shut-down due to traumatic injury when used in the emergency surgical centers.

 

Infants or adults suffering poor digestion due to starvation or immature digestive tract, benefit from l-glutamine, as it helps with weight gain and assimilating nutrients, AND healing the digestive tract lining. That was the reason for my first investigation of this amino acid and why it is in the Berte’s Immune Blend and the Berte’s Digestion Blend. Many dogs suffer inflammation of the digestive tract lining, which leads to diarrhea, gas, and poor assimilation of nutrients. This, in turn, can results in poor hair coat, poor skin, odor, and loss of weight. The inability to absorb nutrients well results in muscle and weight loss. This, in turn, can bring on a misdiagnosis of allergies and food intolerances. If this happens, the dog is often prescribed steroids and antibiotics. This further weakens the immune system and creates more inflammation in the gut. Additionally, they are given high-fiber, low-fat prescription dog foods, which do more damage to the already damaged stomach and intestines. I have seen the best results for all these issues from adding l-glutamine to the diet, along with probiotics and animal-based digestive enzymes, coupled with a moist diet.  Preferably a fresh food diet.

 

L-glutamine has also shown some benefits with certain heart conditions; most notably, angina in humans.

 

While l-glutamine has some wonderful benefits, there are also times when you should avoid this supplement. High doses can increase ammonia in the blood stream, so it should not be used in dogs with chronic renal failure or liver failure, or issues with shunts or purine stones. Extra ammonia in the blood stream is an issue for all these conditions.

 

Secondly, l-glutamine is not recommended for dogs that may be prone to seizures. This may be due to the fact that ingesting l-glutamine produces more ammonia in the bloodstream. It is speculated this may trigger seizures in a dog with a history of past epilepsy events.

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3731630/

 

 

And while l-glutamine has shown promise in humans with type 2 diabetes, it is important to understand that dogs only have type 1 diabetes, which l-glutamine has no effect in helping.

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25412338

http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/guide/dog-diabetes-symptoms-treatment#1

 

For further review of l-glutamine and research sources, here are two great articles:

 

https://examine.com/supplements/glutamine/

http://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/glutamine

 

For use in dogs with inflammation of the digestive tract, chronic diarrhea, weight loss, healing of stubborn bacterial infections, burns, or after a traumatic injury, I suggest giving about 2,000 mg per 25 pounds of body weight daily. I would also add the Berte’s Digestion Blend to further help with assimilation of nutrients, to help replace the good flora and fauna in the dog’s system, and to help fight nausea. B-Naturals carries both of these wonderful products. These products also help with skin and coat issues.

 

Please remember, a moist diet is much easier for your dog to digest and if it is a fresh cooked or raw diet, it can offer much more in nutrients!

 

August is upon us, please keep your dog safe in the hot weather! Keep them cool and hydrated!

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 07-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. One of the functions of the pancreas is to release enzymes to help digest food. When the pancreas becomes inflamed, it releases enzymes in excess and begins to digest its own tissue. This creates trauma and pain to the dog. Symptoms of pancreatitis include loss of appetite, vomiting, arching of the back with stomach pain, diarrhea, dehydration, and in some cases jaundice.

Blood Panel Results

While pancreatitis is hard to diagnose, blood laboratory panels will often show elevated amylase and lipase, increased glucose, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and high liver enzymes, including ALT and ALP. If pancreatitis is suspected due to the above symptoms, a trip to the veterinarian is recommended immediately. The first stage of treatment is hospitalization for several days with IV fluid therapy, treatment of pain, and withholding food and water.

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

For more information on symptoms and early treatment:

www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?articleid=335

www.vetinfo.com/dencyclopedia/depancrea.html.

Causes of Pancreatitis

Fat is usually blamed when a dog develops pancreatitis. However, this isn’t quite true. High fat diets can aggravate a diseased pancreas, but fat itself does not usually cause pancreatitis. The exact reasons for pancreatitis are not known, but research shows the following factors may contribute to pancreatitis:

  • A genetic condition called hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol and/or triglycerides), often found in Miniature Schnauzers, Briards and Shetland Sheepdogs.

 

  • Hypercalcemia, caused by parathyroid conditions or over supplementing with calcium.

 

  • Drug induced pancreatitis. Some of the drugs that are known or suspected to cause pancreatitis include steroids (such as prednisone), tetracyclines and other sulfonamide antibiotics, metronidazole (flagyl), azothiaprin (imuran), estrogen, long acting antacids (cimetidine/Tagament, ranitidine/Zantac) and Tylenol. Also included are diuretics (thiazides and furosemide) and some chemotherapy drugs including l-asparaginase.

 

  • Insecticides (commonly used in the yard) including organophosphates.

 

  • Cushing’s Disease (hyperadrenocorticism), hypothyroidism, liver disease and diabetes can cause a tendency to develop pancreatitis.

 

  • While it has been indicated that disc disease or spinal cord injuries may cause pancreatitis, it may be more likely that steroids are the real cause, as this is the most common drug used for these conditions.

 

www.2ndchance.info/pancreatitis.htm

www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/git-pancreat.htm

Types of Pancreatitis

Please note that pancreatitis comes in two forms, acute and chronic.

Acute is usually restricted to one incident, and often the cause can be discovered, such as a certain drug reaction or illness. Most pancreatic incidents occur only once.

Chronic pancreatitis is when several acute occurrences happen over time. This may be due to factors such as hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism or other underlying disease conditions, or when the pancreas suffers substantial damage during an acute pancreatitis attack.

Obese dogs are more prone to this condition, so it is important to keep dogs lean and give them physical exercise daily.

Diet Factors of Pancreatitis

While fat is often not the initial cause of pancreatitis, it is necessary to reduce the amounts of fat in the diet for a dog recovering from pancreatitis so as to not to over stimulate the pancreas. The pancreas is in control of insulin production, which controls blood glucose regulation. Often dogs with diabetes can be prone to pancreatitis, and pancreatitis can lead to diabetes. In cases like these, it would also be a good idea to watch the amount of sugar in the diet. This would include high glycemic (sugar containing) vegetables, fruits and honey.

To reduce the work load on the pancreas following an attack of pancreatitis, a low fat diet is recommended and several small meals spread over the day is preferred. Smaller, more frequent meals help glucose levels remain more stable and reduce the load of foods at one serving to decrease the enzyme activity of the pancreas.

In acute cases of pancreatitis, once supportive care is given and the dog recovers fully, they can usually gradually return to their normal diet. In some chronic cases, pancreatin enzymes may need to be given for life so that food can be digested properly.

The diet recommendations I have listed below are for after the dog has recovered from a pancreatic attack, and in most cases are only needed for a few days or weeks. If the dog is prone to chronic pancreatitis, they may well need to be kept on a low fat diet all their life and fed several small frequent meals a day. In that event, if home-cooked diets are fed (absent raw meaty bones), calcium needs to be added to the diet. Give at 800 mg per pound of food served. For short term use (less than a month), this is not necessary. Please remember to follow up with your veterinarian for advice on your dog’s recovery and health needs. Periodic checkups and blood panel levels are recommended to monitor health.

50% of the diet should include low fat animal proteins such as:

– White meat chicken (which is lower in fat than dark meat), with skin and excess fat removed.

– Lean or low fat hamburger, and if cooked, drain excess fat (boiling will remove most of the fat).

– Beef heart or roast, with excess fat removed.

– Beef kidney and liver (small amounts).

– Egg whites

– Low fat or nonfat plain yogurt or cottage cheese

25% of the diet should be low glycemic vegetables, such as:

– Broccoli or cauliflower

– Summer squash, such as yellow crookneck or zucchini

– Dark leafy greens, such as romaine lettuce, collard greens, mustard greens, spinach

– Cabbage

These vegetables must be cooked or pureed (in a food processor) in order to be digestible by dogs.

25% of the diet can be higher starch foods such as:

– Sweet potatoes, white potatoes

– Oatmeal, rice or barley. These will hopefully add calories lost by feeding a low fat diet.

These foods must be cooked, and grains are more easily digestible if overcooked a little.

To each meal, add digestive enzymes and beneficial bacteria. The Berte’s Digestion Blend is great for this, as it contains a full spectrum of enzymes including pancreatin, acidophilus and l-glutamine which helps fight inflammation in the digestive tract.

 

Recipe Examples

(For a fifty pound dog, to be fed in three or four portions daily)

Recipe #1:

2 cups of cooked beef heart chunks, fat drained

1/2 cup cooked broccoli

1/2 cup cooked sweet potato

1/2 teaspoon of Berte’s Digestion Blend

 

Recipe #2

1-1/2 cup of cooked chicken breast

1/2 cup of low or nonfat plain yogurt

1/2 cup cooked zucchini

½ cup white potato

1/2 teaspoon of Berte’s Digestion Blend

 

Recipe #3

1-1/2 cup of boiled lean hamburger, fat drained

1/2 cup cooked beef kidney, fat trimmed

1/2 cup of yellow crookneck squash

1/2 cup of oatmeal

1/2 teaspoon of Berte’s Digestion Blend

 

Recipe #4

1-1/2 cup cooked white meat turkey

1/2 cup low or nonfat cottage cheese

1/2 cup cooked Broccoli

1/2 cup cooked rice

1/2 teaspoon of Berte’s Digestion Blend

As your dog improves, you may add vitamin E, vitamin C, and B complex and EPA fish oil. This may take from a few days to a couple of weeks, depending on the severity of the condition. Add EPA fish oil at 1,000 mg per 20 pounds of body weight daily, plus vitamin C, vitamin E and a B complex. A fifty pound dog would get about 500 mg of vitamin C, 400 IU of vitamin E and a B-50 complex.

If these recipes are to be fed longer than a month, then add 800-1000 mg of calcium per pound of food served (2 cups of food is approximately one pound). You can use ground eggshell at the rate of 1/2 teaspoon per pound of food, or feed plain Tums, both of which are calcium carbonate. You should also include liver as part of a long term diet. Give about 1 ounce a day or 2 ounces every other day to a 50 pound dog.

Supplements that B-Naturals carry that are recommended for dogs with pancreatitis include Berte’s Digestion Blend, EPA Fish Oil and Berte’s Daily Blend.

 

4th of July Tips for Dogs

Many dogs are scared of fireworks so the 4th of July can be a very scary and stressful time for them. Here are some suggestions for dogs with noise sensitivity:

– Keep dogs indoors and play music or keep the TV on loud

– Melatonin, given at 1.5 mg to 3 mg every 8 hours, best given PRIOR to the fireworks event by at least 20 minutes

See www.canine-epilepsy-guardian-angels.com/melatonin.htm for more information.

– Have your dog wear a tee shirt or sweatshirt that fits snug against the body. This can help with anxiety and calm your dog. There is also a pre-made garment for dogs called an Anxiety Wrap that can be found at www.anxietywrap.com.

– Spray a dilution of a few drops of lavender oil mixed with water in the air around the dog. It can also be applied to the ear leather and belly.

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Filed Under (Dog Nutrition) by B-Naturals.com on 06-01-2017
Lew Olson's newly revised edition is filled with an abundance of new topics and information. Whether you are new to home feeding or a seasoned raw feeder, have a senior dog or a new puppy, a pregnant mom or a toy breed, this book presents all the information you need to make the best nutritional decisions for your dog. 

Two Rottweilers Lying Down Four Brussels Griffen PuppiesHow to Improve Your Dog’s Diet!

Every dog owner wants to make sure he/she is doing the best for their dog. With all the information available, it can be difficult sometimes to know what is best. A general rule of thumb is to provide some fresh animal-based protein and keep the carbohydrates to a minimum. For those who may be uncertain, carbohydrates are plant-based foods such as grains, starches, fruit, beans, lentils and vegetables. While humans need and enjoy those foods, dogs have no dietary need for them. So what is the best way to improve your dog’s diet?

Improving Kibble Diets

Want to Feed the Best Diet for Your Dog, But Don’t Know How?

Now there is a fast and easy way to learn! Check out Lew Olson’s easy-to-follow, on-line course videos! Read on to learn about Canine Nutrition and preparing Raw and Home Cooked Diets!

Dry dog food (kibble) has some disadvantages. It is, of course, dry. Dogs do best on moist diets. Dry foods are high in carbohydrates, which convert to sugars. Carbohydrates are necessary to create a longer shelf life for the product, however, they are simply inexpensive fillers that create larger stools with more odor. If you do feed commercial kibble to your dog, one way you can improve your dog’s diet is to mix fresh animal protein with the kibble.  Fresh proteins can include ground meats such as beef, pork, turkey or canned salmon, sardines or mackerel packed in water and whole milk yogurt and cottage cheese. You can add as much as 50% of the diet in the fresh protein.  You simply remove half of the kibble and replace it with the fresh proteins. The addition of fresh food will keep the kibble moist and makes the food easier to digest!

Improving Home Cooked Diets

The best formula for a home cooked diet is 75% animal-based protein and fat (meat, eggs, yogurt, cottage cheese and organ meat) and 25% low glycemic (low-sugar) vegetables. Some low-glycemic vegetables include zucchini, broccoli, dark leafy greens, cauliflower and cabbage. It is important to make sure you fully cook and pulverize the vegetables or freeze and thaw them before feeding them as dogs cannot digest raw vegetables!  When feeding home cooked diets, you MUST add 900 mg of calcium carbonate or calcium citrate per pound of food served. Be sure to use a variety of proteins and vegetables.

Improving Raw Diets

The best way to improve raw diets, which include raw meaty bones, is to use a VARIETY of raw meaty bones and meats! Some people get stuck in a rut and feed primarily chicken bones. You can also feed other raw bones such as pork, turkey and duck necks as well. Do not feed a raw diet that is contains predominately one kind of meat either.  You want a variety here too.  I try to feed at least four different meats per week. Some good meats include ground pork, beef, chicken, turkey, lamb, venison, fish, rabbit and green tripe (unbleached tripe or cow stomach).  One-half of the diet needs to be a variety of raw meaty bones for the calcium and the other half should be a variety of at least four ground meats and eggs, yogurt or cottage cheese with about 10% organ meat.

What Supplements should Be Added?

All three of the diets discussed need omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil. Omega 3 fatty acids help support the heart, liver, kidneys, joints and the immune system and help with inflammation. Give one 1,000 mg gel cap per 10 to 20 pounds of body weight daily. We suggest fish oil in gel cap form as the bottles of the liquid oil lose potency quickly as air gets in the bottle each time it is opened. Dogs are not able to utilize omega 3 fatty acids from plant-based oils such as flax, hemp, olive, corn, chia seeds, etc. The omega 3 fatty acids found in plant oils is in a form dogs cannot convert into a usable form. Therefore, it is necessary to offer your dog omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil.

The necessary vitamins you need to add to the diet include vitamins A, B complex, C, D3 and E. These antioxidant vitamins support the immune system and help maintain good health.  These vitamins, as well as kelp and alfalfa, are all found in Berte’s Daily Blend.  The same vitamins with probiotics and digestive enzymes are found in Berte’s Immune Blend. Probiotics, the friendly bacteria, is helpful in maintaining good digestive health and firm stools and support the immune system.  Digestive enzymes help with the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Berte’s Ultra Probiotics is also a great addition to any dog’s diet!

Remember, calcium must be added to your dog’s diet IF you feed a home-cooked diet. Calcium must be added in the form of calcium citrate or calcium carbonate at 900 mg per pound of food fed.

It is simple and easy! For the best appetite and satisfaction, be sure to feed your adult dog twice a day and puppies four times a day.

Canine Influenza

Canine Influenza or H3N8 is the newest topic of interest for dog show folks. I have seen a lot of information on it and most of it is incorrect. Canine flu popped up in the early 2000’s, mostly at Greyhound racetracks, and this flu seems to pop back up every couple of years. It spreads via saliva, so barking, sneezing and coughing can spread the disease. Symptoms include a high fever, about 105 (102 is the normal temperature for a dog), lethargy, lack of appetite, runny nose and coughing. I had two dogs contract Canine Influenza in the last ten years.  Both dogs were sick about 3 days and recovered, but I got them IMMEDIATE attention (i.e., antibiotics and fluids, if they were needed).

Dogs exposed to Canine Influenza may get it, but show very few symptoms. Mortality rate is low and intensity of the symptoms can vary. Those most often affected are puppies, senior dogs and immune-compromised dogs. Immediate treatment is needed (antibiotics, NSAIDs and cough remedies) as the illness can turn into pneumonia in younger or senior dogs.

My dogs did not contract Canine Influenza at the dog show, but at the hotel. Sick dogs can spread it through heating and air conditioning vents.

People have asked me about the vaccination for Canine Influenza.  The vaccine does NOT prevent a dog from getting the disease, but it is thought to help reduce symptoms and the incidences of passing it on to other dogs. It is important to remember that vaccinations can suppress the dog’s immunity temporarily, so take the proper precautions if you choose to get the vaccine. Additionally, I avoid taking young puppies and/or seniors on these trips, as they are the dogs likely to be most susceptible. However, you know your dog the best, so finding the right answer for your dog is up to you.

Below is additional information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What is canine influenza (dog flu)?

Canine influenza, also known as dog flu, is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. These are called “canine influenza viruses.” Dog flu is a disease of dogs. No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported.

There are two different influenza A dog flu viruses: one is an H3N8 virus and the other is an H3N2 virus.

What are signs of canine influenza infection in dogs?

The symptoms of this illness in dogs include cough, runny nose, and fever.  However, not all dogs will show signs of illness. The severity of the illness associated with canine flu in dogs can range from no signs to severe illness resulting in pneumonia and sometimes death.

How serious is canine influenza infection in dogs? The percentage of dogs infected with this disease that die is very small. Some dogs have asymptomatic infections (no signs of illness), while some have severe infections. Severe illness is characterized by the onset of pneumonia. This is a relatively new disease in dogs and nearly all dogs are susceptible to infection.

How is canine influenza spread?

Almost all dogs are susceptible to canine flu infection and the illness tends to spread among dogs housed in kennels and shelters. Canine flu can spread to other dogs by direct contact with aerosolized respiratory secretions (coughing and sneezing) from infected dogs, by uninfected dogs being exposed to contaminated objects, and by moving contaminated objects or materials between infected and uninfected dogs. Therefore, dog owners whose dogs are coughing or showing other signs of respiratory disease should not expose their dog to other dogs. Clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease.

Is there a test for canine influenza?

Testing to confirm canine influenza virus infection in dogs is available. Your veterinarian can tell you if testing is appropriate.

How is canine influenza infection in dogs treated?

Treatment largely consists of supportive care. This helps the dog mount an immune response. In the milder form of the disease, this care may include medication to make your dog more comfortable and fluids to ensure that your dog remains well hydrated. Your veterinarian may prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics if a secondary bacterial infection is suspected.

https://www.cdc.gov/flu/canineflu/keyfacts.htm.

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